Shigeki Tsuji, Tetsushi Ueta, Hiroshi Kawakami, Kazuyuki Aihara, Bifurcation analysis of current coupled BVP oscillators, World Scientific, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, Vol.17, No.3, pp.837-850, Mar. 2007.
Abstract: The Bonhöffer van der Pol (BVP) oscillator is a simple circuit implementation describing neuronal dynamics. Lately the diffusive coupling structure of neurons attracts much attention since the existence of the gap-junctional coupling has been confirmed in the brain. Such coupling is easily realized by linear resistors for the circuit implementation, however, there are not enough investigations about diffusively coupled BVP oscillators, even a couple of BVP oscillators. We have considered several types of coupling structure between two BVP oscillators, and discussed their dynamical behavior in preceding works. In this paper, we treat a simple structure called current coupling and study their dynamical properties by the bifurcation theory. We investigate various bifurcation phenomena by computing some bifurcation diagrams in two cases, symmetrically and asymmetrically coupled systems. In symmetrically coupled systems, although all internal elements of two oscillators are the same, we obtain in-phase, anti-phase solution and some chaotic attractors. Moreover, we show that two quasi-periodic solutions disappear simultaneously by the homoclinic bifurcation on the Poincaré map, and that a large quasi-periodic solution is generated by the coalescence of these quasi-periodic solutions, but it disappears by the heteroclinic bifurcation on the Poincaré map. In the other case, we confirm the existence a conspicuous chaotic attractor in the laboratory experiments.